Whether you are pursuing Engineering or graduate, the hunt for a stable job is inevitable. Every student desires for a secure job worth the degree they pursued. Hence, what is better than a job in the public sector that comes with many benefits?
Exams like SSC, IES, and IAS are very popular, pulling in hundreds of students every year, not limited to just Engineering graduates. If you too are considering joining a public sector job after graduation, then this article is for you!

Which Branch of Engineering is to Study to Pursue Government a Jobs?

There is an ample scope in the public sector for engineers from every stream. However, a few streams get more opportunities . This is because some private sector organizations have specific requirements for them. engineers from these streams.
To delve deeper, here are a few such courses that are ideal for acquiring a pursuing government jobs in India:

  1. Civil Engineering
    It is a core Engineering stream that is highly in demand for different public sector organizations. Most structural work for public utility, their maintenance, and town planning is done by public sector organizations that need civil engineers. for the purpose. Organizations related to roadways and railways particularly look for aspirants from this stream.
  2. Biotechnology Engineering
    The scope for Biotechnology is growing rapidly in India, particularly in public sector organizations. Research organizations, government laboratories, and different government-funded research programs offer a higher scope of recruitment to biotech graduates.
  3. Electronic Engineering
    It is one of the oldest branches of Engineering and also perhaps the most versatile. Electronic Engineers are needed in several industries in the public sector such as central and state organizations that work in electricity supply, telecommunication, military, and various research organizations.
  4. Food Processing and Technology
    Though a highly specialized branch, Food Processing, and Technology students have various opportunities in their quest for government jobs. Health boards, ISI, Food processing industries , all require aspirants from this stream.
  5. Mechanical Engineering
    If you are pursuing Mechanical Engineering, there is a wide ray variety of industries that awaits you in the public sector. The degree is highly valued in the Defense, Railways, Air force, Commercial airlines, and Research institutes.
  6. Computer Science and IT Engineering
    The demand for Computer Science graduates is slowly but steadily growing in different government organizations and their scope for employment. As digitization has become an intricate part of professional life today, the need for IT engineers is rising exponentially.

Best Sectors for Government Job Opportunities after Engineering

Engineers are widely valued in various industries that are directly and indirectly dependent on their skills. Hence, engineering graduates have a much higher scope of finding government jobs when they know the right sectors to look up. These can be:

  1. Indian Engineering Services
    The engineering equivalent of IAS, Indian Engineering Services, is one of the most coveted jobs for engineers from various streams. Those who qualify for the singular nationwide exam are posted at top positions in several elite public sector organizations in of the country.
    It is therefore the most widely known gateway to government jobs for engineering graduates.
  2. PSU Recruitments
    PSU or Public Sector Undertaking refers to several organizations where the state or central government holds 51% of the share or more. This includes companies across different industries like banking, telecom, petroleum, etc.
    These organizations conduct the recruitment directly or through common entrance tests like GATE, IES. In some cases, these companies also hire directly from campus placements at IITs, IIMs, and IISc.
  3. Indian Army
    Some engineers are hired through the Technical Entry Scheme for the Army, Navy, and Air Force. Students can apply as technical officers for the Armed Forces, and the selection is made on a merit basis.
    If you aspire to join the army someday, pursuing engineering opens several scopes for you apart from the NDA. Aspirants can also gain entry through the common CDS exam. However, only unmarried candidates are eligible to apply.
  4. Banking Sector
    As the banking sector gets rapidly digitized, new designations are now being specifically designed for engineers. These are also some of the most beneficial jobs available in terms of salary and security.
    Additionally, the demand for CS/IT engineers is highest in the banking sector. Usually, the recruitment is done either through independent exams of the bank or through IBPS.
  5. Indian Administrative Services
    IAS is one of the most aspired government jobs in the country. Though it is not specifically for the recruitment of engineering graduates, they can still apply. Engineering graduates also have an edge to ace the exam due to their technical knowledge and the various Engineering papers that are offered in the Mains exam as an optional subjects.
  6. Research Organizations
    This is the most respectable and highest grade of government service for engineers. The various research institutes like DRDO and ISRO recruit entry-level engineers from all streams every year, which maximizes job opportunities for all.

Best Public Sector Organizations to Join as Engineers

Engineers are the pillars of India’s diverse public sector organizations and industries. Hence, the scope for landing a government job is immense. Some of these sectors include:

  1. Indian Railways
    Railroad employment is one of the most extensive recruitment drives in the country. The Indian Railways is the largest public sector organization, and hence, the necessity of a huge workforce is a must.
    This leads to an exponential scope for career growth and opportunities for engineers from core streams like Electronics, Electrical, Civil, and Mechanical.
    Railroad maintenance, locomotive operations, repair works, wagon maintenance— all require technical skills. Hence, the necessity for engineering graduates is immense in this sector.
  2. National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC)
    NTPC Is the largest power company in India. They have a huge requirement of candidates from varied technical backgrounds for different posts. The organization releases several recruitment notifications throughout the year. However, they also hire through the GATE exam annually.
    Applied Science, Electronics, and Mechanical Engineering are specifically advantageous subjects one can pursue to get hired in this sector.
  3. Bharat Heavy Electrical Limited (BHEL)
    BHEL is another major organization that hires through GATE as well as through independent recruitment drives. There are occasional walk-in interviews as well. However, recently graduated candidates and freshers mostly need to complete their exams. The walk-in interviews are mostly for mid-level or higher designations and candidates with work experience.
  4. Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL)
    It is a state-owned PSU established first in Bangalore, responsible for manufacturing electronic products for the armed forces in India.
    Most recruitments in BEL are for hiring trainees or for project engineers. The organization conducts independent recruitment drives for all these posts.
  5. Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL)
    HAL is one of the most prestigious organizations in the nation that hires Aeronautics engineers mostly. However, they also have requirements for Electronics and Mechanical engineers.
    The organization releases occasional recruitment notifications for the vacancies but also recruits through GATE. Usually, there is a written exam and an interview round for the selection.
  6. Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO)
    As the name suggests, the organization is the research center for all technology, weapons, and machinery for the military. The scope of work is primarily research-based in the organization.
    It is a challenging job but highly respectable in the country.
  7. Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO)
    ISRO is one of the top organizations for budding engineers who wish to shift towards academics and research in Space Science. The recruitment process is challenging, and they only hire the best based on merit.
  8. Specialist Officers (SO) in National Banks
    If you are looking for a highly secure job with a stable and lucrative salary package, the Specialist Officer posts are ideal. Almost all national banks have yearly requirements for IT specialists and hire them through IBPS SO. Some banks also conduct independent recruitment drives for the same.

Exams for Engineers looking for Pursuing Government Jobs

Government jobs are intricately connected with entrance tests. There are individual as well as common entrance tests for the same. We have listed below some of the most popular ones, which are annually conducted without fail and cover the majority of the yearly vacancies for engineers in public sector organizations:

  1. IES
    Indian Engineering Service is conducted to recruit the best engineers in various public sector organizations of the country. It is one of the toughest but the most lucrative public sector jobs for engineers. However, only B.Tech. graduates from any stream are eligible for the exam.
    Additionally, one must note that the age limit is 32 is of 32 years for unreserved category candidates.
  2. SSC JE
    The recruitment of Junior engineers through the Staff Selection Commission is a relatively easy exam. The recruitment is conducted for various Central government organizations.
    To be precise, Group B non-gazetted posts are filled through this recruitment drive.
  3. State Junior Engineer Recruitment
    This is the state-level equivalent to the SSC JE exam. Every state has separate junior engineer recruitment exams for state-level organizations. The exam pattern and eligibility criteria are similar to the SSC JE exam.
  4. GATE for PSU
    Entrance tests for several PSU organizations are conducted through by GATE. Recruitment for ONGC, IOCL, and several such organizations is done through this exam for entry-level posts. Apart from that, the organizations also release occasional notifications for recruiting engineers from different streams.


The scope for government jobs is much more versatile for engineering graduates. The key is to keep a tab on the different organizations’ recruitment notifications.

The preparation strategy for some of these these exams is more or less similar. The best part is that there is plenty of support in the form of online classes and coaching centers that students can avail to land these jobs.

If it is your dream too to have a government job soon, fret not, there is plenty of scope for engineering students. All you need to do is research well and pick the right opportunity. stream!


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